PARQUET AND PARQUET BOARDS
Natural wood flooring is an integral part of the interior of every dwelling. Wooden floors have been a certain value for a very long time and their popularity is growing every year, as it provides comfort and ensures longevity. But how to choose the right one? Among the available options there are many different differences- appearance, application, care, durability, etc. Read on and find out what wooden floor would be most suitable for you and what you should pay attention to when choosing a floor.
First you need to understand what the interior will be and what pattern of the wooden floor will fit.
The most popular are: floorboard pattern (or "straight" pattern of parquet boards), Chevron (French herringbone) pattern, Herringbone (English herringbone pattern)
Our offer includes all these patterns in many different sizes, different processing and colors.
WOOD AND ITS FEATURES
Wooden floors are made from various top layers of noble wood - ash, oak, maple, etc., growing in Europe, as well as from exotic wood, which is mostly found in the USA, Asian and African countries.
In our latitudes, however, the most popular is the wood growing in European forests- oak and ash. This is because this wood is accustomed to our climate, it is solid and dense, and also people are accustomed to the appearance, pattern, color and characteristics of this wood.
When choosing a wooden floor, one should understand how the floor should look and in what interior it should fit. That's why there's a variety of wood selections available, with branches and pattern-wise more "lively," with larger tone transitions that fit perfectly into classic and Vintage-style interiors. Or calmer, with a minimum volume of branches and smaller transitions of shades between the boards.
In terms of quality, both one and the other selections are equivalent, but in terms of price range, there will be a difference: the fewer branches, the higher the price will be. Price differences depend on manufacturers, but the price range from a variant without branches/with minimal branches (known as "Select") and a variant with branches (known as "Rustic") can be up to 2 times.
SOLID WOOD OR MULTILAYER PARQUET
Solid wood floors have been known for a long time and are known to everyone. Solid wood parquet is made of one wood in the thickness of the entire board. Their advantage is a long expected life, since the exploitable layer today is on average 6-8 mm, which means that it can be sanded and restored many times.
However, nowadays, multilayer- 2-layer and 3-layer construction parquet has gained more popularity.Such structures have a noble wood topcoat (usually 3-4 mm thick) and stabilizing layers made of birch or pine (in most cases), which are directed in the opposite direction to each other. It is also possible to grind such floors several times, so their expected service life is also long enough.
The main advantages of 2-layer / 3-layer parquet:
- Visually looks and serves in the same way as solid wood floors, only in the production of multilayer parquet a smaller amount of valuable wood (e.g. oak) is used, which allows to preserve valuable wood stands and reduces the price of parquet.
- Convenient to lay. It is also possible to lay parquet with a "click" system without gluing to the base.
- High stability - less expands and shrinks as a result of climatic changes
- Suitable for "warm" floors - lower heat resistance and better structural stability
The most typical constructions of 2-layer and 3-layer parquet.
- Two-layer construction – the topcoat is made of noble wood, e.g. oak, the base is made of pine, birch plywood or oak;
- Three-layer construction – the top layer is made of noble wood, e.g. oak, the middle layer is made of pine or spruce, the bottom layer is pine or spruce;
Such constructions are very similar to each other, the differences are in the nuances. For example, on a "warm" floor, parquet of a 2-layer structure will have a lower thermal resistance, since it is thinner. But the parquet of such a design must always be glued to the base. 3-layer parquet has a so-called "click" system, so it can be laid according to the "floating" method without sticking to the base.
Thicknesses of 2-layer and 3-layer parquet topcoat
The thickness of the top layer is what affects longevity. The thicker the top layer will be, the more often it will be able to be sanded and restored. Experience shows that grinding and restoring the floor surface is not required earlier than 10-15 years. With proper operation and care of the floor, this time can be as much as 20 years or more.
In order to choose the right type of parquet with the appropriate thickness of the topcoat, we recommend that you initially understand how long the floor will be designed for. There are situations when the user knows that the floor is needed for 5-10 years, then you can choose with a smaller oak topcoat, since this type of floor will be cheaper in terms of price. But experience shows that usually people want the floor to last at least 50 years and more, so we recommend choosing a floor that will be possible to grind 2-3 times, so the top layer of noble wood should be at least 3-4 mm thick. As a rule, when restoring the floor when grinding, a layer of noble wood is sanded 1 mm, which means that such floors will be able to be sanded and restored 2-3 times.
It is possible to process wooden floors in different ways, but what is the difference between these different treatments?
With or without phases?
The phase at the edges of the boards helps to "highlight" each individual deli, and we also recommend choosing phases in cases where it is known that the surrounding conditions, including climate, will not be fully adequate for a wooden floor, since, for example, when the board dries/shrinks, micro-gaps may form between the boards, which phases will visually make inconspicuous.
Oiled or varnished?
The modern market is dominated by two treatments of wooden floors – oiled or varnished. Visually, they can not always be distinguished from each other, but by the sensations and nuances of their service both.
Lacquered wooden floors – thanks to several layers of varnish that have hardened on the topcoat, they are distinguished by relatively high wear resistance, resistance to stains, scratches and accentuate the natural color of wood, making it more intense, lively. However, when it comes to repairing damage, lacquered floors can only be repaired by sanding the entire laid wooden floor in a particular room.
Oiled wooden floors – a natural way of processing wood, which is widely popular to protect wood from deterioration and make the shade of the selected floor saturated. If we talk about the sensations of natural wood, it is unambiguously necessary to mention oiled wooden floors, because it is the surfaces of such parquet that allow us to enjoy the touch of warm wood. But when choosing oil as a type of treatment, it is necessary to take into account enhanced care, periodic waxing of the floor, which must be repeated on average once a year. The oil is absorbed into the wood and creates a very small protective layer on the topcoat, which wears out relatively quickly, therefore, in order to seal the open pores of the wood and provide additional protection of the surface from dirt and the possibility that they will "eat into" the parquet cover, regular restoration of protection is necessary.
Hard wax oil – an oil with particles of solid wax, which causes the oil not only to be absorbed into the wood, but also to harden on the surface, similar to varnish. A relatively new way of processing wooden floors, which allows you to enjoy the charming feeling of wood, parallels ensuring high resistance to scratches and dirt. Until now, in cases where it was planned to lay wooden floors also in hallways or kitchen areas, the choice was made in favor of varnished surface treatment. At the moment, oils with hard wax no longer limit our choice, especially looking a little further into the future, because restoring floors with the treatment of hard wax oil is much easier, faster and cheaper than varnished ones, so today this type of processing is the most popular. It should be mentioned that the hard wax coating also needs to be renewed from time to time, but this is on average every 5 years for private premises.
Brushing or brush treatment is the removal of soft fiber of coke from the surface, which makes the surface of the parquet more pronounced and resistant to scratches and stains, since hard fiber is subjected to exploitation, which is less affected. Also, from the point of view of care, such processing does not make it more complicated, if we are talking about light brushing.
FOR WHAT ROOMS A WOODEN FLOOR IS SUITABLE
Wooden floors are suitable for both private rooms and public ones. The longevity of the floor will depend on the quantity and care of users. But the most popular are private use premises- apartments and houses. We recommend that you carefully assess the load on each room in order to choose the right type and treatment of the floor. There are situations when customers choose to embed tiles in the corridors and part of the kitchen, which are easier to care for, but more and more often people prefer to lay a wooden floor in these rooms as well. In such cases, we recommend that all liquids and substances that have settled on the surface and can stain the tree be cleaned immediately and then no problems should arise.
In turn, we do not recommend the presence of wooden floors in bathrooms and rooms with independent high humidity.
There are 2 methods of laying a wooden floor - gluing to the base and laying according to the "floating" method on the surface of any material - wood, plaster, concrete floors. The main condition for the base floor to be dry, stable and flat.
We recommend gluing any floor to the base, as the benefits far outweigh the slightly higher cost of laying.
Glued parquet has several advantages:
- Glued parquet will last more stable and longer, since it will not succumb very much to changes in humidity and temperature, like parquet, which is laid according to the "floating" method of laying
- The floor will be quieter, as it is completely fixed to a monolithic base
- In the case of a not-so-flat base floor, glued parquet will not "rise" and "will not shake"
- There is no need to create compensation seams between the rooms – the floor can be laid seamlessly throughout all rooms
- If it is necessary to replace individual boards, it is not necessary to shuffle the entire floor outside, as is the case with parquet, which is not glued. Glued parquet has the ability to replace each board separately.
- In the case of glued parquet, the overall construction of a warm floor has better heat permeability, since no "air" pits are formed between the parquet and the base floor. As everyone knows, air is the worst heat conductor...
- Restoring glued parquet is easier and with a guaranteed result
According to the "floating" method, the laying of the parquet is carried out by laying the parquet on a special soundproof gasket, mutually "stacking" the boards together. The advantage of parquet laid in this way is ease of assembly and dismantling.
SUITABILITY FOR "WARM" FLOORS
"Warm" floors are a modern trend, so it is very important to choose the most appropriate type of parquet. We do not recommend laying solid wood floors on this type of floor.
The most suitable solutions are 2-layer and 3-layer parquets.
There are many different manufacturers that offer 2-layer and 3-layer parquets, but still this type of construction also differs from each other in efficiency and stability. The main parameters to understand the efficiency and stability of a wooden floor:
- Thickness of the structure - the thinner the structure, the lower the heat resistance coefficient in m2 K /W, which is the main indicator determining the percussion efficiency
- Composition of the structure - the denser the wood will be used in the construction (e.g. oak, birch), the lower the heat resistance coefficient in m2 K /W and the higher the stability.
For comparison, e.g. 2-layer construction parquet with a thickness of 11 mm (oak 3.8mm+ birch veneer 7.2 mm) has a heat resistance coefficient of about 0.07 m2 K/W, while a 3-layer construction parquet with a thickness of 14 mm (oak 3.5 mm+ 2 layers pine 10.5 mm) has a heat resistance coefficient of about 0.11 m2 K/W.
The maximum permissible coefficient of thermal resistance of the structure on "warm" floors is 0.15 m2 K / W, so we see that both of these structures are suitable for "warm" floors, the difference is in thermal efficiency.
NATURALNESS OF WOODEN FLOORING
Wooden floors are a natural and ecological flooring, but it should be borne in mind that it is treated with various protective agents. Therefore, it is very important to understand how ecological these materials are, because different manufacturers use different materials- varnishes and oils, which can be much different in terms of environmental friendliness. This, of course, also affects the price of the final product- the more ecological materials will be used in production, the more expensive the cost will be.
If you want to be sure that the flooring is safe and harmless to the environment and to yourself, we recommend choosing products that have undergone appropriate testing and obtained appropriate eco-certificates.
Parquet collection catalogues
Two-layer parquet UV oiled
Two-layer parquet varnished/hard waxed
Three-layer parquet with OSMO oil
Three-layer parquet with hard UV oil
Are you planning to lay a new flooring soon?
Apply for a free consultation in our salon store! Our specialists will find out your wishes and needs in order to offer the most suitable solutions and a wide range of colors and styles.